Decoding Rise Of PCOS In Women

"The causes of PCOS are unclear, but an early diagnosis can help relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of complication"

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder and generally found in young females, it is on the rise these days, due to a sedentary lifestyle, academic load, unhealthy diet and less physical activity. In PCOS, early diagnosis & treatment can help manage the symptoms of PCOS, however weight control is the key to control this unhealthy issue. 

Following are some of the complications associated with PCOS in women:

  • Miscarriage or Pre-mature birth or Infertility
  • Type 2 Diabetes, Pre-diabetes and Gestational Diabetes
  • Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
  • Abnormal cholesterol or triglycerides
  • Sleeping issues
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver)
  • Endometrial Cancer

According to the PCOS society, one in every 10 women in India is suffering from PCOS and most are teenage girls. If PCOS is not diagnosed, it may lead to infertility, type 2 diabetes and heart diseases easily, but the main symptom is obesity or overweight. 

What is obesity or overweight?

World Health Organization (WHO) suggests overweight or obesity as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. It is also a most common nutritional disorder, which occurs due to excess intake of oily and sugary foods. Clinically 20% more or above the ideal body weight would be considered Obesity and 10-20% above the ideal body weight would be considered Overweight. 

What are the causes of PCOS? 

The cause of polycystic ovary syndrome isn't well understood, but it may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the facts, that may play a role are excess Insulin level, low-grade inflammation (which stimulates ovaries to produce androgens), hereditary facts and excess androgen level. 

The Diagnosis 

A diagnosis is an act of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms so your doctor may check on the following parameters:

  • Blood test (blood sugar, cholesterol levels, levels of male hormones)
  • Pelvic examination
  • Excess facial and body hair
  • An ultrasound
  • Obesity

The doctor’s advice and the person’s efforts are very important to diagnose PCOS.

Helpful diet facts

If you have PCOS and are struggling to control your weight or just want to understand the best way to eat when you have PCOS, the advice of a Nutritionist or Dietitian plays an important role. Some of the important helpful facts are: 

  • Avoid sugary & oily meals and avoid a sedentary lifestyle
  • Don’t get into the trap of fancy advertisement of quick weight loss 
  • The focus should not only on calories but also on all types of essential nutrients like protein, sugar, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins & minerals. This may play an important role in healthy weight loss 
  • Take six to eight small meals every day rather than a big meal (Don’t skip meals)
  • Incorporate seasonal fruits and vegetables in your daily meals
  • Reduce your carbohydrate intake, instead, get plenty of fibre-protein-essential fats and fermented food items
  • Practice mindful eating, avoid binge eating and get enough sleep. 
  • Reduce intake of Salt, Sugar and Oil
  • Avoid processed foods, try to eat home-based meals only
  • 30-45 minutes of exercises every day and drink an adequate amount of water
  • Enjoy your favourite meal, once a week

The causes of PCOS are unclear, but an early diagnosis can help relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. PCOS is a complex disorder for which multiple treatment approaches are required, depending upon the symptoms a patient should accordingly seek treatment and visit a doctor.

Tags assigned to this article:
PCOS women health Diagnosis health management


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