Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormone-related health issue and is found commonly among young girls of childbearing age. This health issue is growing rapidly in Indian females commonly due to poor physical activity, unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle. Here are some of the following symptoms:
What are the symptoms?
- Obesity and overweight
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- The excess level of the hormone androgen
- Excess facial and body hair
- Acne and male pattern baldness
- Enlarged ovaries
Depending upon the symptoms, the sufferer should immediately seek medical support from your health care provider to deal effectively with the PCOS.
What are the causes?
According to the PCOS society in India, one in every ten young girls of childbearing age in India is suffering from PCOS. An exact cause of PCOS is still unknown, but some of the below factors have roles in this issue:
- Heredity factors
- High level of the hormone androgen
- Excess insulin level and high blood sugar
- High cholesterol levels
- Low-grade inflammation
- Stress and sedentary lifestyle
What are the complications associated with PCOS?
- Miscarriage or premature birth
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which is liver inflammation
- Depression and anxiety
- Abnormal bleeding
- Endometrial cancer
How to diagnose?
PCOS is a complex disorder for which multiple treatment approaches are required. Depending upon the symptoms a patient should accordingly seek treatment. Visiting a Doctor is always helpful to diagnose PCOS effectively. Your Doctor might check blood test reports, obesity, pelvic changes, excess facial & body hair and might be ultrasound also. Studies suggest, If PCOS is not diagnosed, it may lead to infertility, type 2 diabetes and heart diseases easily.
Lifestyle modification and diet therapy for PCOS?
Along with your Doctor’s advice, the role of a Nutritionist is very important to handle PCOS effectively. Some of the important tips for effective management are limited intake of sugar-salt-oil, generous intake of green leafy vegetables, recommended intake of nuts & seeds, restriction of oily, fried and sugary foods. Apart from that eating home-cooked meals and regular exercise is an effective idea to control PCOS. Drinking an adequate amount of water, proper chewing of meals and sound sleep is also helpful in this health issue. Weight loss in a scientific manner is the most important treatment to deal with unpleasant symptoms of PCOS, hence advice from your Doctor and Nutritionist is golden. Here are some important tips to lose weight effectively, which are not tough and easy to implement in your daily day's life routine:
- Don’t get into the trap of fancy advertisements for quick weight loss. Fancy weight loss program may cause deficiencies of various nutrients and may cause some kind of health issues such as poor energy, constipation, different types of stones, poor health of hair- skin -nails. Before following any type of Google-based diet plan, one should seek advice from your Doctor and Nutritionist always.
- The focus should always be on the fulfillment of all types of essential nutrients such as protein, fibres, omega fatty acids, complex carbohydrates, essential vitamins and minerals. This may play an important role in healthy and sustainable weight loss.
- Take six to eight small meals every day rather than a big meal (Don’t skip meals). For preparing healthy and nutritious meals, advice from your Nutritionist plays an important role.
- Incorporate seasonal fruits and vegetables in your daily day’s diet routine.
- Germinated and fermented food items are very helpful.
- Practice mindful eating, avoid binge eating and get enough sleep.
- Cardio exercises are very important to burn belly fat, loss of inches and overall weight loss. Easy and inexpensive exercises are brisk walk, running and Suryanamskar for effective and sustainable weight loss.