It is extremely important for cardiac patients & people with heart conditions to take care of their health in such stressful times such as the lockdown, especially with a lot of limitations on access to various healthcare facilities. Many patients have postponed their surgeries. Those with pre-existing conditions and are not able to visit the hospitals even for their routine check-ups, due to the fear of being exposed to the virus. We have seen reports and read stories on how people have lost their lives due to a Heart Attack/Stroke, with symptoms being prominent, but due to the fear of COVID, they did not go out and seek professional help.
It is a vicious cycle, because a heart related ailment or condition is a co-morbid condition and according to reports, most of the deaths occurred in COVID infected individuals were the ones with co-morbid conditions. However, since such persons are more vulnerable, they fear venturing out, even if it is to seek general medical attention.
With that being said, it is also impossible for high-risk heart patients with severe conditions to not undergo surgeries. When it is essential depending on the conditions, patients might have to opt for it. SOPs for various activities are being put in place at hospital for treatment in COVID era. The admission process itself is done only after getting clearance of COVID-19 infection via Lab tests. Regular temperature checks are conducted on everyone entering and exiting the hospital building. Unless absolutely necessary, patient- attenders are asked to go back home. Many hospitals have also put strict restrictions on visitors.
Heart surgeries are gruelling and long procedures taking a toll on a patient’s both physical and mental health alike. Open-heart surgeries are not affordable for everyone and procedures last for days. Apart from that, in the COVID era, there is a dire need for minimum contact, which is possible through minimally invasive surgical techniques, since the surgical team has to be careful not to get infection; all the precautionary measures that are being practised are also very hardest on the team.
Procedures such as TAVR/TAVI (Trans catheter aortic valve replacement/ implantation) are a ray of new hope in minimally invasive heart procedure scenes. Many case studies have established that such procedures are absolutely safe and have a huge success rate. Moreover, the procedure is light on patient’s pocket and the recovery time is significantly lesser than that of a conventional heart operation.
With the pandemic changing the world’s lifestyle, we are progressing towards a ‘Phygital’ era, where technology will play a crucial role. Tools that support virtual care and diagnosis can be fruitful patients with heart disease. They also aid doctors in their efficiency. The branch of telemedicine specially for cardiac patients is known as telecardiology. It aims to monitor patients real-time for irregularities and offer remote diagnosis. This technology will be useful for treatment of heart diseases such as congestive heart failure, cardiac arrest and arrhythmia.
Telemedicine removes the barriers of transportation and requirement of physical presence to submit initial data/details. Often unavailability of doctors for consultation also tends to create anxiety in patients. With the telemedicine technology, doctors are just a click away and available for advice 24x7.
There is a famous English proverb, - ‘Necessity is the mother of all inventions.’ While, the global pandemic caused by the Corona Virus has led to lot of disruptions across the globe, it has also brought out the best of technology and inventions for the advancement of medical sciences.